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The role of the European Parliament in managing Brexit

26 April 2021

2 mins

In this blog for LSE, Lecturer in Diplomacy and International Governance, Dr Nicola Chelotti, together with Edoardo Bressanelli and Wilhelm Lehmann explore the role of the European Parliament in managing Brexit.

What influence did the European Parliament have in the Brexit negotiations?

How did Brexit affect the distribution of power inside the European Parliament?

Politics and Governance has recently published a Thematic Issue on the consequences of Brexit for EU institutions, such as the Council of the EU and the Court of Justice, and transnational actors like interest groups or financial organisations. The Issue has shown that – while Brexit has been generally regarded as a threat to integration or a trigger of disintegration – the Union has been able to prepare itself for the departure of the UK.

We can speculate on the drivers of this institutional adaptation. The EU may seek to protect itself from the ‘malign’ influence of a soon-to-be third country. It may fear the organizational consequences of withdrawal and seek minimizing potential disruptions. It could be guided by the willingness to ‘punish’ disintegration and prevent further exits. Whatever the reason, one of the key findings of the project has been the capacity of the EU to adapt (so far) to the challenges posed by Brexit.

This conclusion stands also for the European Parliament (EP). In our article, we analyse two aspects related to Brexit and the EP: first, the role played by the EP in the negotiations of the Withdrawal Agreement and the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement; second, the influence of British MEPs in the Parliament during the Brexit period, from the referendum to Brexit day (June 2016–January 2020).

To read the full blog, please see here.

To find out more about the Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance, please visit our website.

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