Tricia’s snippets 2012-02-23


Water harvesting videos from The Water Channel:
 (Erik Nissen-Petersen/ASAL/Kenya etc)

 A selection of journal references from email alerts:

VOL 46; NUMB 5 (2012)
ISSN 0043-1354
(whole issue devoted to Cyanobacteria) – a selection:
• pp.1347-1348
Cyanobacteria: Impacts of climate change on occurrence, toxicity and water quality management
Newcombe, G.; Chorus, I.; Falconer, I.; Lin, T. F.
• pp.1511-1523
Toxic cyanobacterial breakthrough and accumulation in a drinking water plant: A monitoring and treatment challenge
Zamyadi, A.; MacLeod, S. L.; Fan, Y.; McQuaid, N.; Dorner, S.; Sauve, S.; Prevost, M.
• pp.1536-1548
Biological treatment options for cyanobacteria metabolite removal – A review
Ho, L.; Sawade, E.; Newcombe, G.

VOL 65; NUMB 3 (2012)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.410-417
Integration of seawater and grey water reuse to maximize alternative water resource for coastal areas: the case of the Hong Kong International Airport
Leung, R.W.K.; Li, D.C.H.; Yu, W.K.; Chui, H.K.; Lee, T.O.; van Loosdrecht, M.C.M.; Chen, G.H.
• pp.496-503
Optimizing coagulation process in drinking water treatment plant – comparison between traditional and statistical experimental design jar tests
Zainal-Abideen, M.; Aris, A.; Yusof, F.; Abdul-Majid, Z.; Selamat, A.; Omar, S.I.
• PACIFIC MCGEORGE GLOBAL BUSINESS AND DEVELOPMENT LAW JOURNAL : Local to Global: Rethinking Spheres of Authority After a World Financial Crisis VOL 24; NUMB 1 (2011) pp.267-302
The Human Right of Sanitation for All: A Study of India
Coleman, R.M.

• JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES VOL 47; NUMB 1 (2012) pp.146-173
Does Clean Water Make You Dirty? Water Supply and Sanitation in the Philippines
Bennett, D.

Household needs and demand for improved water supply and sanitation in peri-urban ger areas: the case of Darkhan, Mongolia
Sigel, K.; Altantuul, K.; Basandorj, D.
The lack of adequate water supply and sanitation services is a major issue related to sustainable development in many parts of the developing world. New strategic planning approaches which directly address users’ needs and demand—often referred to as demand-responsive, community-based or household-centred approaches—are regarded as a crucial step towards improving the situation. This paper investigates household needs and demand for improved water supply and sanitation services in peri-urban, low-income settlements, known as “ger areas”, in the city of Darkhan, Mongolia. The paper is based largely on a household survey conducted in a selected ger area subdistrict in Darkhan. The results reveal a complex picture. Even if the existing situation can be regarded as largely “improved” in terms of the definitions stipulated by the Joint Monitoring Programme for water supply and sanitation, it is shown that there is a need for action nonetheless. The paper also argues that the household survey is a useful method for assessing users’ needs and demand and for meeting the requirements of demand-responsive sanitation planning approaches.

Title: The 2011 Japanese earthquake: an overview of environmental health impacts.
by Ratnapradipa, Dhitinut; Conder, James; Ruffing, Ami; White, Victor
Journal of environmental health, January 2012, 74(6):42-50
A magnitude 9.0 earthquake rupturing the Earth’s crust nearly 130 km off the east coast of Japan on March 11, 2011, triggered a tsunami that reached the Japanese coast approximately 30 minutes later. The combined effects of the earthquake and tsunami (known as the Tohoku event) devastated the area of northeast Japan, resulting in widespread infrastructure destruction, loss of life, and environmental contamination. Perhaps the longest-lasting impact of the Tohoku event will result from the damage to the nuclear power plants along the coast and the subsequent release of radioactive elements into the environment. This article describes the environmental impacts of the disaster and highlights the interconnectedness among the core areas of environmental health including air quality, water quality, weather/climate change, food safety, healthy housing, waste/sanitation, infectious disease/vector control, radiation, injury prevention, emergency preparedness, and toxicology. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the spectrum of the natural disaster and its environmental health impact to the human population. Future scientific analysis may confirm or challenge the information presented here.

Title: Risk management in a developing country context: improving decisions about point-of-use water treatment among the rural poor in Africa
by Arvai, Joseph; Post, Kristianna
Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, January 2012, 32(1):67-80
More than 1 billion people, the vast majority of which live in the developing world, lack basic access to clean water for domestic use. For this reason, finding and promoting effective and sustainable solutions for the provision of reliable clean water in developing nations has become a focus of several public health and international development efforts. Even though several means of providing centrally located sources of clean water in developing communities exist, the severity and widespread nature of the water problem has led most development agencies and sanitation experts to strongly advocate the use of point-of-use treatment systems alongside whatever source of water people regularly use. In doing so, however, development practitioners have been careful to point out that any interventions or infrastructure regarding water safety and human health must also adhere to one of the central principles of international development: to facilitate more democratic and participatory models of decision making and governance. To this end, the research reported here focused on the development of a deliberative risk management framework for involving affected stakeholders in decisions about POU water treatment systems. This research, which was grounded in previous studies of structured decision making, took place in two rural villages in the East African nation of Tanzania.© 2011 Society for Risk Analysis.


From Sanitation Updates:

Six key solutions for pro-poor WASH financing
Posted: 20 Feb 2012 09:20 AM PST

WASHplus Weekly: Focus on Ecological Sanitation
Posted: 17 Feb 2012 10:18 AM PST

BRAC to contribute to Sanitation Updates with sanitation initiatives
Posted: 16 Feb 2012 08:37 AM PST