Tricia’s snippets 2012-09-06


Loughborough’s Reinvent the Toilet Challenge awarded prize by Bill Gates
17 August 2012

Cholera film available to help populations in West Africa epidemic
The Story of Cholera Videos
English Haitian Creole Spanish Haitian Creole – Andeyo Downloadable flashcards and versions for mobile…

Practical Action Publishing
For the last 30 years, Waterlines has provided a unique forum, for all those involved in extending water supply, sanitation, hygiene, waste management, and related issues in developing regions, to come together and debate key challenges facing the community.

Find out how we are celebrating this 30th anniversary year including: a Waterlines syposium podcast, a special double issue, and FREE article access here

From Sanitation Updates:

Effective hygiene promotion works – right?
Posted: 05 Sep 2012 06:48 AM PDT

Zimbabwean sanitation and human rights advocate Nomathemba Neseni dies
Posted: 04 Sep 2012 06:54 AM PDT

Join the e-debate: Are the JMP Post-2015 indicators on WASH in Schools a step in the right direction?
Posted: 03 Sep 2012 06:02 AM PDT

WASHplus – Integrating Sanitation into Services for People Living HIV/AIDS
New progress report on the Global Sanitation Fund
Posted: 28 Aug 2012

Dry Toilet 2012 Conference in Tampere
Posted: 24 Aug 2012 09:24 AM PDT

George Washington University – Global Partnerships for Healthy Homes Initiative
Posted: 23 Aug 2012 06:35 AM PDT

SWASH+ Website Launch – 6 Years of School WASH Research Have Come Together!
Posted: 22 Aug 2012 09:38 AM PDT

Kenya – WASH in Schools Lessons Learned
WSA partnership director Ms Juanita During dies at 41
Posted: 17 Aug 2012

Gates awards US$ 3.4 million in new sanitation grants
Caltech’s prize-winning solar-powered toilet – video
Join the Sanitation Marketing Community of Practice
Winners of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge
Six journalists win prestigious media awards geared towards improving reporting on water, sanitation and hygiene
Posted: 16 Aug 2012

A selection from email alerts:

• BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES VOL 30; NUMB 5 (2012) pp.964-978
Sustainable sanitation technology options for urban slums
Katukiza, A. Y.; Ronteltap, M.; Niwagaba, C. B.; Foppen, J. W.; Kansiime, F.; Lens, P. N.
Poor sanitation in urban slums results in increased prevalence of diseases and pollution of the environment. Excreta, grey water and solid wastes are the major contributors to the pollution load into the slum environment and pose a risk to public health. The high rates of urbanization and population growth, poor accessibility and lack of legal status in urban slums make it difficult to improve their level of sanitation. New approaches may help to achieve the sanitation target of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7; ensuring environmental sustainability. This paper reviews the characteristics of waste streams and the potential treatment processes and technologies that can be adopted and applied in urban slums in a sustainable way. Resource recovery oriented technologies minimise health risks and negative environmental impacts. In particular, there has been increasing recognition of the potential of anaerobic co-digestion for treatment of excreta and organic solid waste for energy recovery as an alternative to composting. Soil and sand filters have also been found suitable for removal of organic matter, pathogens, nutrients and micro-pollutants from grey water.
Regional disparities in the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation in China
Carlton, E.J.; Liang, S.; McDowell, J.Z.; Li, H.; Luo, W.; Remais, J.V.
To estimate the disease burden attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene in China, to identify high-burden groups and to inform improvement measures.
Methods The disease burden attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene in China was estimated for diseases resulting from exposure to biologically contaminated soil and water (diarrhoeal disease, helminthiases and schistosomiasis) and vector transmission resulting from inadequate management of water resources (malaria, dengue and Japanese encephalitis). The data were obtained from China’s national infectious disease reporting system, national helminthiasis surveys and national water and sanitation surveys. The fraction of each health condition attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene in China was estimated from data in the Chinese and international literature.
Findings In 2008, 327 million people in China lacked access to piped drinking water and 535 million lacked access to improved sanitation. The same year, unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene accounted for 2.81 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and 62 800 deaths in the country, and 83% of the attributable burden was found in children less than 5 years old. Per capita DALYs increased along an east–west gradient, with the highest burden in inland provinces having the lowest income per capita.
Conclusion Despite remarkable progress, China still needs to conduct infrastructural improvement projects targeting provinces that have experienced slower economic development. Improved monitoring, increased regulatory oversight and more government transparency are needed to better estimate the effects of microbiologically and chemically contaminated water and poor sanitation and hygiene on human health.

Application of solar energy for water supply and sanitation in Arsenic affected rural areas: a study for Kaudikasa village, India
Jasrotia, S.; Kansal, A.; Kishore, V. V. N.
The note from the field presents an approach for potable water supply in Arsenic affected rural areas. The approach has a novelty as its implementation is independent of the electric power availability, skilled labour, and gives consistent performance over an extended period of time. Experiments conducted on a solar still based pilot system for the treatment of water in Kaudikasa village, India shows that the treated water meets WHO standards for drinking water. Solar energy is further harnessed in the form of an algal pond to co-treat solar still brine and sewage. The system is designed for the entire village and the cost of implementation of the system works out to be around USD 20,418.

• INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENT AND WASTE MANAGEMENT : Special Issue on Solid Waste Management (Part 5) VOL 10; NUMB 2 (2012) pp.256-268
Risk-based sequential allocation of competing sanitation infrastructure investments
Louis, G.E.; Magpili, L.M.; Pinto, C.A.

THE LANCET, Volume 379, Issue 9832, Pages 2151 – 2161, 9 June 2012
Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000
Li Liu, Hope L Johnson, Prof Simon Cousens, Jamie Perin, Susana Scott, Joy E Lawn, Prof Igor Rudan, Prof Harry Campbell, Richard Cibulskis, Mengying Li, Colin Mathers, Prof Robert E Black, for the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF
Of 7·6 million deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2010, 64·0% (4·879 million) were attributable to infectious causes and 40·3% (3·072 million) occurred in neonates. Preterm birth complications (14·1%; 1·078 million, uncertainty range [UR] 0·916–1·325), intrapartum-related complications (9·4%; 0·717 million, 0·610–0·876), and sepsis or meningitis (5·2%; 0·393 million, 0·252–0·552) were the leading causes of neonatal death. In older children, pneumonia (14·1%; 1·071 million, 0·977–1·176), diarrhoea (9·9%; 0·751 million, 0·538–1·031), and malaria (7·4%; 0·564 million, 0·432–0·709) claimed the most lives. Despite tremendous efforts to identify relevant data, the causes of only 2·7% (0·205 million) of deaths in children younger than 5 years were medically certified in 2010. Between 2000 and 2010, the global burden of deaths in children younger than 5 years decreased by 2 million, of which pneumonia, measles, and diarrhoea contributed the most to the overall reduction (0·451 million [0·339–0·547], 0·363 million [0·283–0·419], and 0·359 million [0·215–0·476], respectively). However, only tetanus, measles, AIDS, and malaria (in Africa) decreased at an annual rate sufficient to attain the Millennium Development Goal 4.