Tricia’s snippets 2013-02-21

World Bank Study Highlights Correlation Between Child Height and Sanitation

World BankFebruary 2013: The World Bank, through its Sustainable Development Network Water and Sanitation Program, has released a study showing the correlation between child height and sanitation, which explains an old puzzle associated to statistical differences in developing countries that are unrelated to wealth disparities.

Known as “the Asian enigma”, the Indian children have been intriguing economists for being, on average, shorter than African children, despite Africa’s inferior levels of wealth. According to the study, titled “How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?” authored by Dean Spears, the interest in the physical height is relevant because of its ability to indicate human capital and health, as well as economic productivity.

Through the application of descriptive regressions and econometric decomposition techniques, considered an innovative approach, the main contribution of the study is to show how variation in child height issuing from developing countries result from differences in rate of open defecation. In particular, the study underscores that “the number of people defecating openly per square kilometer linearly explains 65 percent of international variation in child height.”

Moreover, the study suggests that chronic diseases, due to fecal pathogens in early-life phases, are another variable explaining height variability. These findings imply that open defecation must be a top-priority in future public polices. [Publication: How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain?]

World Water Day March 22nd 2013
International Year of Water Cooperation
http://www.unwater.org/watercooperation2013/campaign.html

A selection from email alerts:

• EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH VOL 25; NUMB 1 (2013) pp.129-153
Saving a Life-Year and Reaching MDG 4 with Investments in Water and Sanitation: A Cost-Effective Policy?
Gunther, I.; Fink, G.
• FRONTIERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING VOL 7; NUMB 1 (2013) pp.120-126
Sustainable design of sanitation system based on material and value flow analysis for urban slum in Indonesia
Ushijima, K.; Irie, M.; Sintawardani, N.; Triastuti, J.; Hamidah, U.; Ishikawa, T.; Funamizu, N.
WATER RESEARCH
VOL 47; NUMB 3 (2013)
ISSN 0043-1354
• pp.1181-1190
The joint effects of efficacy and compliance: A study of household water treatment effectiveness against childhood diarrhea
Enger, K. S.; Nelson, K. L.; Rose, J. B.; Eisenberg, J. N.
• pp.1390-1398
Nutrient removal and greenhouse gas emissions in duckweed treatment ponds
Sims, A.; Gajaraj, S.; Hu, Z.
• pp.1421-1432
A probabilistic model of norovirus disease burden associated with greywater irrigation of home-produced lettuce in Melbourne, Australia
Fiona Barker, S.; OToole, J.; Sinclair, M. I.; Leder, K.; Malawaraarachchi, M.; Hamilton, A. J.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -WATER SUPPLY-
VOL 13; NUMB 1 (2013)
ISSN 1606-9749
• pp.56-65
Determining the operational limits of the biosand filter
Kennedy, T.J.; Anderson, T.A.; Hernandez, E.A.; Morse, A.N.

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
VOL 443; (2013)
ISSN 0048-9697
• pp.367-374
Cost-performance indicator for comparative environmental assessment of water treatment plants
Igos, E.; Benetto, E.; Baudin, I.; Tiruta-Barna, L.; Mery, Y.; Arbault, D.
• pp.749-756
Survey of attitudes and perceptions of urine-diverting toilets and human waste recycling in Hawaii
Lamichhane, K. M.; Babcock, R. W.
• pp.877-886
Anaerobic co-digestion of source segregated brown water (feces-without-urine) and food waste: For Singapore context
Rajagopal, R.; Lim, J. W.; Mao, Y.; Chen, C. L.; Wang, J. Y.

JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH
VOL 10; NUMB 4 (2012)
ISSN 1477-8920
• pp.499-503
Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights?
Bartram, J.; Charles, K.; Evans, B.; O Hanlon, L.; Pedley, S.
• pp.531-538
The efficacy of simulated solar disinfection (SODIS) against coxsackievirus, poliovirus and hepatitis A virus
Heaselgrave, W.; Kilvington, S.
• pp.565-578
Unsealed tubewells lead to increased fecal contamination of drinking water
Knappett, P.S.K.; McKay, L.D.; Layton, A.; Williams, D.E.; Alam, M.J.; Mailloux, B.J.; Ferguson, A.S

JOURNAL OF WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
VOL 139; NUMB 1 (2013)
ISSN 0733-9496
• pp.34-44
Iterative Methodology of Pressure-Dependent Demand Based on EPANET for Pressure-Deficient Water Distribution Analysis
Jun, L.; Guoping, Y.
• pp.76-85
Seasonal Water Allocation: Dealing with Hydrologic Variability in the Context of a Water Rights System
Zheng, H.; Wang, Z.; Hu, S.; Malano, H.
• pp.86-95
Temperature and Precipitation Trends in Lebanon’s Largest River: The Litani Basin
Ramadan, H.H.; Beighley, R.E.; Ramamurthy, A.S.
• pp.117-121
Residential Water Conservation in Australia and California
Cahill, R.; Lund, J.

WATER POLICY
VOL 15; NUMB 1 (2013)
ISSN 1366-7017
• pp.19-42
Affordability of water supply in Mongolia: empirical lessons for measuring affordability
Gawel, E.; Sigel, K.; Bretschneider, W.
• pp.98-115
A multidimensional analysis of water poverty at local scale: application of improved water poverty index for Tunisia
Jemmali, H.; Matoussi, M.S.
• pp.116-133
Implementing an evolving human right through water and sanitation policy
Meier, B.M.; Kayser, G.L.; Amjad, U.Q.; Bartram, J.
• pp.134-152
Efficiency evaluation of urban water supply services in an Indian state
Kulshrestha, M.; Vishwakarma, A.
• pp.153-169
Water sector regulation in small island developing states: an application to Cape Verde
Marques, R.C.; Simoes, P.; Berg, S.

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT -DORDRECHT-
VOL 27; NUMB 4 (2013)
ISSN 0920-4741
• pp.981-1011
Quantifying Household Water Demand: A Review of Theory and Practice in the UK
Parker, J. M.; Wilby, R. L.

PROCEEDINGS- INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS WATER MANAGEMENT
VOL 166; ISSU 2 (2013)
ISSN 1741-7589
• pp.57-69
Diagnosis of domestic wastewater sand filters
Breul, P.; Bouteldja, F.; Boissier, D.; Rolland, L.; Lienard, A.; Molle, P.
• pp.93-104
Climate change impact assessment on hydrology of Karkheh Basin, Iran
Jamali, S.; Abrishamchi, A.; Marino, M.A.; Abbasnia, A.

 

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