Tricia’s snippets 2013-03-14

A small selection from email alerts:
• NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE VOL 368; NUMB 7 (2013) pp.592-593
The Cure for Cholera – Improving Access to Safe Water and Sanitation
Waldman, R.J.; Mintz, E.D.; Papowitz, H.E.

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, Volumes 50–52, 2012, Pages 269-276
Manufacturing a low-cost ceramic water filter and filter system for the elimination of common pathogenic bacteria Original Research Article
J.J. Simonis, A.K. Basson
WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT -DORDRECHT-
VOL 27; NUMB 5 (2013)
ISSN 0920-4741
• pp.1351-1361
Collection of Condensate Water: Global Potential and Water Quality Impacts
Loveless, K. J.; Farooq, A.; Ghaffour, N.
Abstract
Water is a valuable resource throughout the world, especially in hot, dry climates and regions experiencing significant population growth. Supplies of fresh water are complicated by the economic and political conditions in many of these regions. Technologies that can supply fresh water at a reduced cost are therefore becoming increasingly important and the impact of such technologies can be substantial. This paper considers the collection of condensate water from large air conditioning units as a possible method to alleviate water scarcity issues. Using the results of a climate model that tested data collected from 2000 to 2010, we have identified areas in the world with the greatest collection potential. We gave special consideration to areas with known water scarcities, including the coastal regions of the Arabian Peninsula, Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. We found that the quality of the collected water is an important criterion in determining the potential uses for this water. Condensate water samples were collected from a few locations in Saudi Arabia and detailed characterizations were conducted to determine the quality of this water. We found that the quality of condensate water collected from various locations and types of air conditioners was very high with conductivities reaching as low as 18 µS/cm and turbidities of 0.041 NTU. The quality of the collected condensate was close to that of distilled water and, with low-cost polishing treatments, such as ion exchange resins and electrochemical processes, the condensate quality could easily reach that of potable water.

• pp.1501-1515
Unravelling the Linkages Between Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Rural Poverty: The WASH Poverty Index
Gine Garriga, R.; Perez Foguet, A.
Abstract
Many studies have reported the effect of water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in improving health and ultimately alleviating poverty. Current coverage estimates show however that a large proportion of people in the world still do not have access to a simple pit latrine or a source of safe drinking water, and this situation worsens in rural areas. To help end these appalling figures, much effort has gone into the development of policy instruments which support decision-making, i.e. planning, targeting and prioritization. Indices and indicators are increasingly recognised as powerful tools for such purposes. This paper details the theoretical framework and development of a multidimensional, WASH-focused, thematic indicator: the WASH Poverty Index (WASH PI). It describes the methodology in index construction and disseminates achieved results in a variety of forms to promote the utility of the tool for the integrated analysis of WASH and poverty linkages. The article uses Kenya as initial case study to illustrate the application of the index. Overall, WASH PI helps identify priority areas and guide appropriate action and policy-making towards improved service delivery.

• pp.1551-1562
Does Size Matter? Operating Cost Coverage for Water Utilities
Tsagarakis, K. P.
Abstract
This paper compares the operational cost coverage index from 1132 water utilities for five countries (Albania, Brazil, Norway, Russia and Poland). The data used is available through the International Benchmarking Network (IBNET) for Water and Sanitation Utilities. By comparing means or medians of different serving population groups, it was shown that significant financial gains can be achieved by larger utilities. Such analysis can assist decision makers pursue merging of water utilities for profit maximizing purposes. The importance of benchmarking is also emphasized in order to illustrate the utility of the perused statistical analysis.

 

From Sanitation Updates:

 

Why must cheap be so ugly?
Posted: 12 Mar 2013 06:48 AM PDT

WASHplus Weekly: Focus on WASH and Gender
International Women’s Day in Asia: celebrating women in sanitation
Posted: 08 Mar 2013

Request for Proposals: The effects of poor sanitation on women and girls in India
Transforming women’s lives: WaterAid video for International Women’s Day
Posted: 07 Mar 2013

New Sanitation Figures Compete with Official UN Statistics: 6 in 10 Lack Proper Facilities
Posted: 01 Mar 2013 09:40 AM PST

USAID RFA – Research on the Relationship of Population Density and Neighborhood-Level Sanitation
Posted: 26 Feb 2013 08:43 AM PST

Participatory monitoring in the BRAC WASH II programme in Bangladesh
Posted: 25 Feb 2013 11:58 PM PST

Getting communities engaged in water and sanitation projects: participatory design and consumer feedback
WaterAid – Keeping promises: why African leaders need now to deliver on their past water and sanitation commitments
Posted: 22 Feb 2013

Call for Information and Participation: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Gender Based Violence
SHARE – Request for proposals: The effects of poor sanitation on girls and women in India
An interview with Babar Kabir on the BRAC WASH programme
Making sense of sanitation monitoring in Bangladesh
Posted: 21 Feb 2013

A mixed bag of links of possible interest:

Diseases spreading in Syria as WASH systems collapse
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97518/Diseases-spreading-in-Syria-as-WASH-systems-collapse?goback=%2Egde_1238187_member_216433591

Why Gender Matters – a tutorial for water managers
http://cap-net.org/node/1517

The Post 2015 Water Thematic Consultation
http://www.worldwewant2015.org/water

World Water Day March 22nd 2013 – International Year of Water Cooperation
http://www.unwater.org/water-cooperation-2013

Cast Your Vote for the Sanitation Hackathon People’s Choice App Winner 
http://www.sanitationhackathon.org/