Tricia’s snippets 2013-07-17

A compilation from Sanitation Updates:

Call for Expressions of Interest (EOIs)
Design Contest on Public Urinal Systems for Emergency Situations
Posted: 16 Jul 2013

WASHplus Weekly – Menstrual Hygiene Management
Nov 21, 2013 – Virtual Menstrual Hygiene Management in WASH in Schools Conference
Posted: 12 Jul 2013

Handwashing With Soap Can Help Us Achieve the Millennium Development Goals
Posted: 08 Jul 2013 08:05 AM PDT

How much does it cost to build a traditional latrine?
Posted: 06 Jul 2013

Full-chain sanitation services that last
Trash Dance – The Movie
Posted: 05 Jul 2013

Call for Nominations Sarphati Sanitation Award 2013
Posted: 04 Jul 2013 04:46 AM PDT

WASHplus Weekly – Behavior Change in WASH Programs
Posted: 03 Jul 2013 09:18 AM PDT

WEDC – WASH posters prepared for the WEDC conference
Posted: 02 Jul 2013 12:57 PM PDT

USAID, World Vision, WASHplus – Behavior Change in WASH Programs
WASHplus Weekly – Focus on Sanitation for Preschool-Age Children
WaterAid Australia positions – Program Effectiveness Manager & Equity and Inclusion Officer
Posted: 01 Jul 2013

Call for abstracts: West Africa Workshop “Towards sustainable total sanitation”:
Posted: 28 Jun 2013 05:43 AM PDT

ADB workshop on innovative wastewater management in Bangladesh
Posted: 29 Jun 2013 09:12 AM PDT

A selection from email alerts:

• LANCET -LONDON- VOL 381; SUPP 2 (2013) pp.S77-S77
Impact of the Village Health and Sanitation Committee on health-care utilisation: findings from propensity score matching in India
Kumar, S.; Prakash, N.
Background In order to improve the availability, accessibility, quality, and use of the public health system, the Government of India has engaged the community and local population in planning and monitoring health service delivery in rural areas. The Indian Government instituted the Village Health and Sanitation Committee (VHSC), which serves as a forum for village planning and monitoring. This study evaluates the impact of these village-level bodies on utilisation of health services in Indian villages. Methods The paper analyses the third waves of the District Level Household Survey (DLHS) implemented in 2007–08. DLHS is the only health survey that is representative at the district level. The evaluation uses a quasi-experimental method, propensity score matching, to separate the causal effect of VHSC on utilisation of health services. Several village-level and individual-level characteristics are used to find a control village comparable to the treatment village. Findings Preliminary results indicate that 29% (6554/22 824) of the Indian villages instituted VHSC by 2008. Households in VHSC villages are more likely to seek modern care and visit health facilities than are those in non-VHSC villages. VHSC participants are significantly more likely to visit modern health facilities when their children are sick with either fever or diarrhoea. In-facility births are also higher in the treated villages after controlling for socioeconomic confounding variables. The percentage of women seeking antenatal and postnatal care is also higher in VHSC villages than in non-VHSC villages. All these results are statistically significant at the 95% level, although data are preliminary. Interpretation The National Rural Health Mission aims to empower the community and local bodies to take leadership of health and sanitation issues at the local level. Grassroots community bodies such as VHSC are important steps in decentralising policy formulation and community participation. Community-based participatory methods have emerged as a response to conventional approaches that historically have failed to make notable improvement in population health in developing countries. Funding None.

 LANCET -LONDON- VOL 381; SUPP 2 (2013) pp.S44-S44
Does clean water matter? An updated meta-analysis of water supply and sanitation interventions and diarrhoeal diseases
Engell, R. E.; Lim, S. S.
Background There is conflicting evidence on the effect of water and sanitation interventions on diarrhoeal diseases. Quantification of their impact is complicated by the different comparison groups used across epidemiological studies and the combination of interventions examined under the umbrella of improved water or sanitation. Methods We conducted an updated review of epidemiological studies on the effect of water and sanitation interventions on self-reported diarrhoea episodes. We supplemented existing reviews with a Google Scholar search for studies published between 2010 and March, 2012. 84 studies were used in a meta-analysis that was designed to adjust for intervention and baseline group characteristics. First, we compared indicator variables for each intervention component (improved sanitation, hygiene, point-of-use water treatment, source water treatment, and piped water) with a reference category (improved water source). Second, we also included indicator variables for the baseline characteristics—ie, whether the baseline was an unimproved or improved water source or sanitation—as covariates to account for the heterogeneous control groups. Subanalyses were conducted to investigate differential effects by type of intervention and age. Findings Significant effects were found for both improved water and improved sanitation relative risks: 1·34 (95% CI 1·02–1·72) and 1·33 (1·02–1·74), respectively. We did not find significantly greater effects of piped water or source water treatment compared with improved water supply (p=0·50 and p=0·65, respectively) or significant effects by age (p=0·19). Furthermore, we found no difference in point-of-use interventions when blinding was taken into account (p=0·08). Unimproved water and sanitation together accounted for 0·9% (0·4–1·6) of global disability-adjusted life-years in 2010, ranking 22nd and 26th, respectively, in terms of top global risks. These proportions are substantially smaller than 6·8% in 1990, and 3·7% in 2000, estimated in previous Global Burden of Disease studies for water, sanitation, and hygiene combined. Interpretation Our reanalysis of quasi-experimental and experimental studies suggests much smaller impacts of water and sanitation interventions than previously thought. Given the emphasis placed on these interventions in improving livelihood, continued epidemiological research to assess the full effects of such interventions remains imperative. Funding Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Women’s Participation in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program at Community Level in Bangladesh
Ali, R.

Why Do Water and Sanitation Systems for the Poor Still Fail? Policy Analysis in Economically Advanced Developing Countries
Starkl, M.; Brunner, N.; Stenstrom, T.-A.

• WEFTEC – CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS -CD-ROM EDITION- : Water Environment Federation; WEFTEC 2012 CONF 85th (2012) pp.243-243
Sanitation Master Plan for Lusaka, Zambia
Brown, N.; Petti, M.; Nemcik, J.

• JOURNAL OF THIRD WORLD STUDIES : Association of Third World Studies; Winds of change, crisis and critique in the Third World: selected papers, thirtieth annual meeting , Association of Third World Studies VOL 30; NUMB 1 (2013) pp.193-208
Women’s Participation in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program at Community Level in Bangladesh
Ali, R.

VOL 13; NUMB 3 (2013)
ISSN 1606-9749
The majority of the articles concern historical water and wastewater systems:

• pp.561-563
Editorial: Probing the past and facing the future
Angelakis, A.N.; Yun, Z.X.
• pp.564-573
Major urban water and wastewater systems in Minoan Crete, Greece
Angelakis, A.N.; Spyridakis, S.V.
• pp.574-581
Water management in a city of southwest China before the 17th century
Zheng, X.Y.
• pp.582-589
Water resource management in ancient Iran with emphasis on technological approaches: a cultural heritage
Gholikandi, G.B.; Sadrzadeh, M.; Jamshidi, S.; Ebrahimi, M.
• pp.590-598
Water resourses management and natural environment changes in ancient Pleurona, Greece
Diamanti, M.; Kalavrouziotis, I.
• pp.599-605
Water and wastewater management in the treatment process of a Roman fullonica
De Feo, G.; De Gisi, S.
• pp.606-614
Water resource management with a combination of underground dam/qanat and site selection of suitable sites using GIS
Alaibakhsh, M.; Azizi, S.H.; Zarkesh, M.M.K.
• pp.615-625
Water supply structures of the Ottoman period in Istanbul (Asian side)
Aydin, A.F.; Koyuncu, I.; Demir, A.; Aydin, D.; Guclu, S.; Turken, T.
• pp.626-637
Architect Sinan’s Kirkcesme water supply system outside the city of Istanbul and city network
Uyumaz, A.; Dabanli, I.
• pp.638-645
Water supply methods in Ancient Thera: the case of the sanctuary of Apollo Karneios
Bitis, I.
• pp.646-655
From ancient times to the present: development of the drinking water supply system of Sanliurfa in south-eastern Turkey
Yenigun, K.; Kurkcuoglu, A.C.; Yazgan, M.S.; Gerger, R.; Ulgen, U.
• pp.656-665
The properties of Seljuq and Ottoman era public fountain faucets and some rare faucet samples
Topcu, E.; Liman, G.; Topcu, A.H.; Baykal, Y.A.
• pp.666-673
What lessons can be learnt from studying a Roman hydraulic structure in a little village in Southern Italy?
De Feo, G.; Ribera, F.; Abbondandolo, S.; De Gisi, S.
• pp.674-682
Collecting, transporting and storing water in karst settings of southern Italy: some lessons learned from ancient hydraulic systems
Parise, M.; Marangella, A.; Marano, P.; Sammarco, M.; Sannicola, G.
• pp.683-691
The Justinian system: one of the oldest flood control facilities in the world
Kurkcuoglu, A.C.; Yenigun, K.; Yazgan, M.S.
• pp.692-698
The ponds of Hattusa – early groundwater management in the Hittite kingdom
Wittenberg, H.; Schachner, A.
• pp.699-709
Ancient water robotics and Abou-I Iz Al-Jazari
Sen, Z.
• pp.710-718
The Mycenaean drainage works of north Kopais, Greece: a new project incorporating surface surveys, geophysical research and excavation
Kountouri, E.; Petrochilos, N.; Liaros, N.; Oikonomou, V.; Koutsoyiannis, D.; Mamassis, N.; Zarkadou
• pp.719-726
Wastewater management techniques from ancient civilizations to modern ages: examples from South Asia
Fardin, H.F.; Holle, A.; Gautier, E.; Haury, J.
• pp.727-734
The Sacred Almone River of the Appian Way Regional Park in Rome: ancient myths, a ritual link between Rome and Asia Minor and water uses in the modern age
Tallini, M.; Di Leo, A.; Rossetti, C.; Berardi, F.
• pp.735-742
A brief history of water filtration/sedimentation
Mays, L.W.
• pp.743-752
Ottoman period water structures and water-related architecture: examples in Safranbolu, Turkey
Erturk, A.E.B.; Seker, D.Z.; Ozturk, I.
• pp.753-760
How supply system design can reduce the energy footprint of rainwater supply in urban areas in Australia
Tjandraatmadja, G.; Pollard, C.; Sharma, A.; Gardner, T.

Plus a small selection:

• pp.790-797
Household rainwater harvesting system – pilot scale gravity driven membrane-based filtration system
Kus, B.; Kandasamy, J.; Vigneswaran, S.; Shon, H.K.; Moody, G.
• pp.798-807
The effect of seasonal climate on bottled water distribution in rural Cambodia
White, D.; Hutchens, C.A.; Byars, P.; Antizar-Ladislao, B.
• pp.835-845
An approach for determining the most critical among a suite of chemical contaminants at a drinking water intake
Chen, F.; Anderson, W.B.; Huck, P.M.
• pp.854-863
The biological safety of distribution systems following UV disinfection in rural areas in Beijing, China
Sun, W.; Liu, W.; Cui, L.; Liu, L.

VOL 67; NUMB 3 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.564-571
Assessment of rainwater harvesting systems at a university in Taipei
Chiang, V.C.; Kao, M.H.; Liu, J.C.
• pp.651-657
Constructed wetlands combined with UV disinfection systems for removal of enteric pathogens and wastewater contaminants
Azaizeh, H.; Linden, K.G.; Barstow, C.; Kalbouneh, S.; Tellawi, A.; Albalawneh, A.; Gerchman, Y.