Tricia’s snippets 2013-08-08

 Knowledge x-change on Sustainable Development (KxSD) is an initiative by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) supported by UK Government. 
The key objectives of the portal are to:

  • Facilitate knowledge sharing across the many facets of sustainable development;
  • Showcase new research and innovative practices, share knowledge and success stories from diverse regions and sectors, targeted at policy makers and the wider research community;
  • Focus on three main dimensions of sustainable development — policy imperatives, technology & innovations, and community partnership — along with their interlinked components in the identified themes and sub-themes.

Extracted from: WASTE emailbul 2013 #3
SAWI Sanitation window
“SAWI connects demand and supply in the sanitation value chain, by offering matchmaking, risk lowering services, tailor-made supportive solutions, local networks and access to finance.”
SAWI founders, Jacqueline Barendse (CEO WASTE) & Sjef Ernes (CEO Aqua for All
Two contests
S(P)EEDKITS and FINNISH two big projects have each organised a contest to get new and fresh ideas in their work.
Do you have a brilliant design for the perfect toilet unit for emergency situations?
Or do you have the best business plan in sanitation for India?
Follow the links for more information.
FINNISH Contest: Sanitation Innovation Design
S(P)EEDKITS Contest: A New Design for an Old Problem

From Sanitation Updates:

Will data linking open defecation to undernutrition force change?
Posted: 07 Aug 2013 07:52 AM PDT

A cross sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practices related to house flies among dairy farmers
Posted: 06 Aug 2013 12:35 PM PDT

From WEDC – 2013 updates of WHO technical notes for emergencies
Posted: 30 Jul 2013 07:06 AM PDT

Will a “cottage industry” approach make emergency WASH more sustainable?
SHARE – Realising the right to sanitation: International and comparative perspectives
Research call for commercially viable processing of pit latrine contents
Posted: 26 Jul 2013

Sanitation for All – UN resolution on World Toilet Day – it’s Official
Getting hygiene messages with your tea
Posted: 24 Jul 2013

Characteristics of latrines in central Tanzania and their relation to fly catches.
WASHplus Weekly: Focus on Food Hygiene
Posted: 23 Jul 2013

What happens when the pit latrine is full?
Posted: 19 Jul 2013 08:43 AM PDT

Two young scientists break down plastics with bacteria
USAID-Rotary International – WASH Sustainability Index Tool
The Economic Returns of Sanitation Interventions in Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Liberia: Government, USAID-Iwash Score Big CLTS Success
Gates Foundation-DfID partnering on sustainable sanitation for the urban poor
Posted: 18 Jul 2013

A selection from email alerts:

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Survey on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Selected Schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa
Sibiya, Jerry E; Gumbo, Jabulani Ray.
 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10.6  (Jun 2013): 2282-2295.
This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of learners on issues related to water, sanitation and hygiene in selected schools in Vhembe District, South Africa. The methodology relied on a questionnaire, an inspection of sanitary facilities and discussion with the school authorities. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science. The study revealed that the level of knowledge about waterborne diseases was relatively high (76.7 ± 1.75%), but knowledge on transmission routes was inadequate. The majority of the respondents had no knowledge when it comes to water-based diseases and their prevention (78.4 ± 1.71%).The attitude and practice on hygiene was also found to be high (91.40 ± 1.16%). Some schools from the urban area had proper handwashing facilities, but there was no soap available. The borehole water quality for rural schools appeared clear, but the microbial quality was unknown. The water supply and sanitation facilities were inadequate in rural schools, with no handwashing areas and no sanitary bins for girls. Some schools had toilets with broken doors which did not offer privacy. The only water tap, located at the centre of the school premises, was not enough for the whole school community.

Why Do Water and Sanitation Systems for the Poor Still Fail? Policy Analysis in Economically Advanced Developing Countries
Starkl, Markus; Brunner, Norbert; Stenstrom, Thor-Axel.
Environmental Science & Technology 47.12  (Jun 2013): 6102.
The results of an independent evaluation of 60 case studies of water and sanitation infrastructure projects in India, Mexico, and South Africa, most of them implemented since 2000, demonstrate an ongoing problem of failing infrastructure even in economically advanced developing countries. This paper presents a meta-analysis of those project case study results and analyses whether the design of existing policies or other factors contribute to failures. It concludes that the observed failures are due to well-known reasons and recommends how the implementation of the Dublin-Rio Principles can be improved. (They were introduced twenty years ago to avoid such failures by means of more sustainable planning.)

Water, sanitation, and primary school attendance: A multi-level assessment of determinants of household-reported absence in Kenya
Dreibelbis, R.; Greene, L. E.; Freeman, M. C.; Saboori, S.; Chase, R. P.; Rheingans, R.

Assessing willingness to pay for improved sanitation in rural Vietnam
Minh, H.; Nguyen-Viet, H.; Thanh, N. H.; Yang, J. C.

• PLANNING PERSPECTIVES VOL 28; NUMB 3 (2013) pp.508-510
Urban planning and public health in Africa. Historical, theoretical and practical dimensions of a continent’s water and sanitation problematic
Silva, C.N.

Water, sanitation, hygiene and enteric infections in children
Brown, J.; Cairncross, S.; Ensink, J.H.J.
VOL 32; NUMB 3 (2013)
ISSN 0262-8104
• pp.185-186
Editorial: What happens when the pit latrine is full?
Carter, R.C.
• pp.187-199
Adventures in search of the ideal portable pit-emptying machine
Still, D.; O Riordan, M.; Mcbride, A.; Louton, B.
• pp.200-212
The importance of understanding the market when designing pit-emptying devices
Sugden, S.
• pp.213-220
Inefficient technology or misperceived demand: the failure of Vacutug-based pit-emptying services in Bangladesh
Opel, A.; Bashar, M.K.
• pp.221-236
Development of urban septage management models in Indonesia
Tayler, K.; Siregar, R.; Darmawan, B.; Blackett, I.; Giltner, S.
• pp.237-242
A case study on improving governance and accountability in primary schools in Kenya
Wasonga, J.; Ojeny, B.
• pp.243-253
Groundwater renewable resource versus demand: `good news’ or `bad news’ for rural communities?
Robins, N.; Davies, J.; Farr, J.
VOL 15; NUMB 4 (2013)
ISSN 1366-7017
• pp.515-534
Household participation in community-based rural water supply systems: experience from Kerala, India
Nisha, K.R.
• pp.535-553
How effective are the new WASH security guidelines for India? An empirical case study of Andhra Pradesh
Baby, V.K.; Reddy, V.R.
• pp.554-569
Challenges to cooperation on water utilisation in the Southern Africa region
Redelinghuys, N.; Pelser, A.J.
• pp.570-584
Is the water permit system a panacea or a bed of inefficiency? The case of South Africa
Tewari, D.D.; Oumar, S.B.
• pp.585-597
Examining the effectiveness of residential water demand-side management policies in Israel
Lavee, D.; Danieli, Y.; Beniad, G.; Shvartzman, T.; Ash, T.
• pp.598-609
Inadequate accessibility as a cause of water inadequacy: a case study of Mpeketoni, Lamu, Kenya
Gedo, H.W.; Morshed, M.M.
• pp.610-627
Mentorship, knowledge transmission and female professionals in Canadian water research and policy
Wolfe, S.E.; Davidson, S.; Reid, T.
• pp.628-647
Trends in integrated water resources management research: a literature review
Gallego-Ayala, J.
• pp.648-668
Using economic and other performance measures to evaluate a municipal drought plan
Yates, D.N.; Lavin, F.V.; Purkey, D.P.; Guerrero, S.; Hanemann, M.; Sieber, J.


VOL 105; NUMB 7 (2013)
ISSN 0003-150X
• pp.43-44
Calculating the greenhouse gas emissions of water utilities
Johnston, A.H.; Karanfil, T.
• pp.50-53
Envision: A sustainability guide for water professionals
Bertera, W.J.
• pp.78-81
Tank management 101
Henderson, E.N.