Tricia’s snippets 2013-11-06

  Dr. Peter Morgan is the 2013 Stockholm Water Prize recipient for his work in water and sanitation over the past 40 years

 WEDC & WSP online learning course – Rural Sanitation at Scale – now in French 

 The Water Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) of Loughborough University, UK, in partnership with the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) of the World Bank, have launched a French version of a self-paced online course that addresses the important global challenges facing the water and sanitation sector.
The English version of the course, titled Rural Sanitation at Scale, was launched in March this year. The course features as a unit in WEDC’s master’s (MSc) program, and is offered free-of-charge as a non-accredited professional development unit for sector professionals interested in learning more about the issues of scaling-up sanitation in rural areas.
Availability of the course in French, called l’assainissement rural à grande échelle, gives access to French speaking water and sanitation practitioners (including students and government decision-makers), mostly in Franco-phone speaking countries in Africa, to enroll for the course in their own language.

 Interesting link – downloadable books:

There are many relevant downloadable books  from this link:
See for example – environmental engineering – which includes a book by Barbara Evans and Duncan Mara  “Sanitation and water supply in low-income countries”

WHO report on scaling-up household water treatment with communicable disease efforts- Just published

The report summarizes the outcomes from a group of WHO experts from HIV, child and maternal health, malaria and dengue which met to discuss HWTS scaling-up and provide recommendations on needed action to leverage HWTS benefits with other health efforts.  Specific recommendations include: select options that meet WHO performance recommendations and consider key contextual/behavioural factors, implement HWTS within existing health and community channels, invest in operational research, strengthen safe storage and links with dengue, and set ambitious targets.  The annex includes a background paper by Dr Thomas Clasen on the health impact of household water treatment and safe storage among target populations.
To access the report please visit:

From Sanitation Updates:

WASHplus Weekly-Focus on the health impacts of WASH interventions
SuperAmma campaign for changing hand washing behavior
Undoing Inequity – Investigating the Cost of Inclusive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Service Delivery
Posted: 01 Nov 2013

Mapping sustainability assessment tools to support sustainable water and sanitation service delivery
Posted: 30 Oct 2013 05:02 AM PDT

Reaching the unreached in South Asia with sanitation
Posted: 24 Oct 2013 

Domestic water and sanitation as water security: monitoring, concepts and strategy
South Asian Conference on Sanitation: Country Papers
Posted: 23 Oct 2013

UN: Treated Waste Could be ‘Gold Mine’
Posted: 10 Oct 2013 08:35 AM PDT

WaterSHED – Microfinance boosts latrine purchases in rural Cambodia
Posted: 09 Oct 2013 10:30 AM PDT

Designing a handwashing station for infrastructure-restricted communities in

Posted: 08 Oct 2013 10:41 AM PDT

A selection from email alerts: 

• PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases Vol. 7; No. 9 (2013)
Integration of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for the Prevention and Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Rationale for Inter-Sectoral CollaborationCommentary by Spear, R. on Integration of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for the Prevention and Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Rationale for Inter-Sectoral Collaboration: Can the Control of NTDs Profit from a Good WASH?
Freeman, Matthew C.; Ogden, Stephanie; Jacobson, Julie; Abbott, Daniel; Addiss, David G.; Amnie, Asr
Improvements of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure and appropriate health-seeking behavior are necessary for achieving sustained control, elimination, or eradication of many neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Indeed, the global strategies to fight NTDs include provision of WASH, but few programs have specific WASH targets and approaches. Collaboration between disease control programs and stakeholders in WASH is a critical next step. A group of stakeholders from the NTD control, child health, and WASH sectors convened in late 2012 to discuss opportunities for, and barriers to, collaboration. The group agreed on a common vision, namely “Disease-free communities that have adequate and equitable access to water and sanitation, and that practice good hygiene.” Four key areas of collaboration were identified, including (i) advocacy, policy, and communication; (ii) capacity building and training; (iii) mapping, data collection, and monitoring; and (iv) research. We discuss strategic opportunities and ways forward for enhanced collaboration between the WASH and the NTD sectors.

• PLoS ONE Vol. 8; No. 10 (2013)
The Long-Term Dynamics of Mortality Benefits from Improved Water and Sanitation in Less Developed Countries
Jeuland, Marc A.; Fuente, David E.; Ozdemir, Semra; Allaire, Maura C.; Whittington, Dale
The problem of inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in less-developed nations has received much attention over the last several decades (most recently in the Millennium Development Goals), largely because diseases associated with such conditions contribute substantially to mortality in poor countries. We present country-level projections for WASH coverage and for WASH-related mortality in developing regions over a long time horizon (1975–2050) and provide dynamic estimates of the economic value of potential reductions in this WASH-related mortality, which go beyond the static results found in previous work. Over the historical period leading up to the present, our analysis shows steady and substantial improvements in WASH coverage and declining mortality rates across many developing regions, namely East Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. The economic value of potential health gains from eliminating mortality attributable to poor water and sanitation has decreased substantially, and in the future will therefore be modest in these regions. Where WASH-related deaths remain high (in parts of South Asia and much of Sub-Saharan Africa), if current trends continue, it will be several decades before economic development and investments in improved water and sanitation will result in the capture of these economic benefits. The fact that health losses will likely remain high in these two regions over the medium term suggests that accelerated efforts are needed to improve access to water and sanitation, though the costs and benefits of such efforts in specific locations should be carefully assessed.

Domestic water and sanitation as water security: monitoring, concepts and strategy
Bradley, D.J.; Bartram, J.K.
Saeed, R.; Ibrahim, M.; Khan, E.A.; Riaz, A.
Equity in water and sanitation: Developing an index to measure progressive realization of the human right
Luh, J.; Baum, R.; Bartram, J.
We developed an index to measure progressive realization for the human right to water and sanitation. While in this study we demonstrate its application to the non-discrimination and equality component for water, the conceptual approach of the index can be used for all the different components of the human right. The index was composed of one structural, one process, and two outcome indicators and is bound between -1 and 1, where negative values indicate regression and positive values indicate progressive realization. For individual structural and process indicators, only discrete values such as -1, -0.5, 0, 0.5, and 1 were allowed. For the outcome indicators, any value between -1 and 1 was possible, and a State’s progress was evaluated using rates of change. To create an index that would allow for fair comparisons between States and across time, these rates of change were compared to benchmarked rates, which reflect the maximum rates a State can achieve. Using this approach, we calculated the index score for 56 States in 2010 for which adequate data were available and demonstrated that these index scores were not dependent on factors such as achieved level of coverage or gross national income. The proposed index differs from existing measures of inequality as it measures rate of change and not level of achievement, and thus addresses the principle of progressive realization that is fundamental to human rights.

Occupational Safety and Health Status of Sanitation Workers in Urban Areas: A Pilot Study From Wuhan, China
Gong, Y.; Yu, J.; Zhang, X.; Liang, Y.

• JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION : Special Volume: Water, Women, Waste, Wisdom and Wealth VOL 60; (2013) pp.102-106
Application of solar energy for water supply and sanitation in Arsenic affected rural areas: a study for Kaudikasa village, India
Jasrotia, S.; Kansal, A.; Kishore, V. V. N.
The note from the field presents an approach for potable water supply in Arsenic affected rural areas. The approach has a novelty as its implementation is independent of the electric power availability, skilled labour, and gives consistent performance over an extended period of time. Experiments conducted on a solar still based pilot system for the treatment of water in Kaudikasa village, India shows that the treated water meets WHO standards for drinking water. Solar energy is further harnessed in the form of an algal pond to co-treat solar still brine and sewage. The system is designed for the entire village and the cost of implementation of the system works out to be around USD 20,418.
VOL 49; NUMB 7 (2013)
ISSN 0043-1397
• pp.3897-3911
Transport of E. coli in aquifer sediments of Bangladesh: Implications for widespread microbial contamination of groundwater
Feighery, J.; Mailloux, B.J.; Ferguson, A.S.; Ahmed, K.M.; van Geen, A.; Culligan, P.J.

VOL 15; NUMB 5 (2013)
ISSN 1366-7017
• pp.691-704
Factors influencing water conservation behavior among urban residents in China’s arid areas
Chang, G.
• pp.705-727
Situations of water reuse in China
Liu, S.; Persson, K.M.
• pp.728-737
On the political sideline? The institutional isolation of donor organizations in Jordanian hydropolitics
Bonn, T.
• pp.777-793
Institutional water reforms in Kenya: an analytical review
Sambu, D.K.; Tarhule, A.
• pp.859-970
Tools for the implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in the Caribbean
Senecal, C.; Madramootoo, C.A.

VOL 67; NUMB 5 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.935-941
Ancient water and sanitation systems – applicability for the contemporary urban developing world
Bond, T.; Roma, E.; Foxon, K.M.; Templeton, M.R.; Buckley, C.A.
• pp.1017-1025
Water treatment plant sludge disposal into stabilization ponds
Filho, S.S.F.; Piveli, R.P.; Cutolo, S.A.; de Oliveira, A.A.
• pp.1105-1112
Operation and recovery of a seasonally-loaded UK waste stabilisation pond system
Zhang, S.; Banks, C.J.; Heaven, S.; Salter, A.M.

VOL 67; NUMB 6 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.1208-1215
Quantitative microbial risk assessment applied to irrigation of salad crops with waste stabilization pond effluents
Pavione, D.M.S.; Bastos, R.K.X.; Bevilacqua, P.D.
• pp.1224-1229
Study on river regulation measures of dried-up rivers of Haihe River basin, China
Peng, J.; Li, S.; Qi, L.
• pp.1230-1237
Pathogenic Escherichia coli in rural household container waters
Jagals, P.; Barnard, T.G.; Mokoena, M.M.; Ashbolt, N.; Roser, D.J.
• pp.1345-1352
Evaluation of clogging in planted and unplanted horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands: solids accumulation and hydraulic conductivity reduction
De Paoli, A.C.; von Sperling, M.
• pp.1362-1369
Wastewater reclamation using discarded reverse osmosis membranes for reuse in irrigation in Djibouti, an arid country
Awaleh, M.O.; Ahmed, M.M.; Soubaneh, Y.D.; Hoch, F.B.; Bouh, S.M.; Dirieh, E.S.

VOL 67; NUMB 7 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.1403-1424
A review of greywater characteristics and treatment processes
Boyjoo, Y.; Pareek, V.K.; Ang, M.
• pp.1465-1473
Environmental and economic assessment of municipal sewage sludge management – a case study in Beijing, China
Li, X.; Takaoka, M.; Zhu, F.; Wang, J.; Oshita, K.; Mizuno, T.
• pp.1474-1480
Enlightenment from ancient Chinese urban and rural stormwater management practices
Wu, C.; Qiao, M.; Wang, S.
• pp.1512-1518
Pathogenic parasites and enteroviruses in wastewater: support for a regulation on water reuse
Hachich, E.M.; Galvani, A.T.; Padula, J.A.; Stoppe, N.C.; Garcia, S.C.; Bonanno, V.M.S.; Barbosa, M.
• pp.1590-1598
Multi-stage constructed wetland systems for municipal wastewater treatment
Masi, F.; Caffaz, S.; Ghrabi, A.