Tricia’s snippets 2013-11-20

From Sanitation Updates:

“We Can’t Wait”, say WSSCC, Unilever and WaterAid on World Toilet Day
Posted: 19 Nov 2013 05:03 AM PST

 Why World Toilet Day 2013 matters: unblocking constipated progress on sanitation
Posted: 18 Nov 2013 06:22 AM PST

“Poo, Pee and be Happy” sculpture unveiled in Singapore for World Toilet Day
Posted: 17 Nov 2013 06:30 AM PST

This World Toilet Day sing #ThankYouToilet with WaterAid!
WASHplus Weekly: Focus on World Toilet Day 2013
Posted: 15 Nov 2013

Launch of Cochrane Review on WASH and Chilhood Undernutrition
Posted: 06 Nov 2013 10:08 AM PST

Posted: 05 Nov 2013 

Posted: 04 Nov 2013

A selection from email alerts (quite a long list this time!):

VOL 47; NUMB 16 (2013)
ISSN 0043-1354
• pp.5955-5976
Is biological treatment a viable alternative for micropollutant removal in drinking water treatment processes?
Benner, J.; Helbling, D. E.; Kohler, H. P.; Wittebol, J.; Kaiser, E.; Prasse, C.; Ternes, T. A.; Alb
In western societies, clean and safe drinking water is often taken for granted, but there are threats to drinking water resources that should not be underestimated. Contamination of drinking water sources by anthropogenic chemicals is one threat that is particularly widespread in industrialized nations. Recently, a significant amount of attention has been given to the occurrence of micropollutants in the urban water cycle. Micropollutants are bioactive and/or persistent chemicals originating from diverse sources that are frequently detected in water resources in the pg/L to µg/L range. The aim of this review is to critically evaluate the viability of biological treatment processes as a means to remove micropollutants from drinking water resources. We first place the micropollutant problem in context by providing a comprehensive summary of the reported occurrence of micropollutants in raw water used directly for drinking water production and in finished drinking water. We then present a critical discussion on conventional and advanced drinking water treatment processes and their contribution to micropollutant removal. Finally, we propose biological treatment and bioaugmentation as a potential targeted, cost-effective, and sustainable alternative to existing processes while critically examining the technical limitations and scientific challenges that need to be addressed prior to implementation. This review will serve as a valuable source of data and literature for water utilities, water researchers, policy makers, and environmental consultants. Meanwhile this review will open the door to meaningful discussion on the feasibility and application of biological treatment and bioaugmentation in drinking water treatment processes to protect the public from exposure to micropollutants.

• pp.6014-6023
The potential for self-sanitisation of faecal sludge by intrinsic ammonia
Fidjeland, J. r.; Magri, M. E.; Jonsson, H. k.; Albihn, A.; Vinner?s, B. r.
Faecal sludge has the potential to be used as a sustainable fertiliser in agriculture, but the sludge must be sanitised due to its content of pathogenic microorganisms. The intrinsic ammonia from the urine may be sufficient for sanitisation of the sludge if it is not too diluted by flush water or lost by ventilation. To evaluate the potential for this sanitisation method, inactivation of Enterococcus faecalis, Salmonella typhimurium and Ascaris suum eggs during treatment were assessed. The inactivation was studied at different storage temperatures (10–28 °C) and in several sludge mixes with different contents of urine, faeces and flush water, and with ammonia concentrations from 40 to 400 mM. All pathogens were inactivated by the ammonia, and ascaris eggs were the most persistent. Lower flush water volume and higher urine content favoured inactivation, mainly due to increased uncharged ammonia (NH3) concentration. The lag phase in ascaris inactivation was shortened by increasing temperature and NH3 concentration, while post-lag phase inactivation was not influenced by NH3 concentration. Faecal sludge can be sanitised by airtight storage without the use of additives when flush water volumes are sufficiently low. For temperatures of 23–28 °C, a 3 log reduction of ascaris egg viability can be achieved within 1–6 months depending on ammonia concentration and temperature.

VOL 68; NUMB 6 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.1345-1351
Treatment of domestic wastewater by vertical flow constructed wetland planted with umbrella sedge and Vetiver grass
Kantawanichkul, S.; Sattayapanich, S.; van Dien, F.
• pp.1412-1418
Potential fertilizing properties of sewage sludge treated in the sludge treatment reed beds (STRB)
Kolecka, K.; Obarska-Pempkowiak, H.
• pp.1419-1424
A green roof experimental site in the Mediterranean climate: the storm water quality issue
Gnecco, I.; Palla, A.; Lanza, L.G.; La Barbera, P.

VOL 68; NUMB 5 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.1114-1122
Management and treatment of landfill leachate by a system of constructed wetlands and ponds in Singapore
Sim, C.H.; Quek, B.S.; Shutes, R.B.E.; Goh, K.H.
• pp.1164-1172
Removal of persistent organic pollutants from landfill leachates treated in three constructed wetland systems
Wojciechowska, E.
• pp.1180-1187
Institutional trajectory for diffusing on-site wastewater treatment in urban China
Li, L.; Binz, C.; Lu, Y.; Truffer, B.; Shi, Y.
• pp.1195-1202
Reconstruction of a constructed wetland with horizontal subsurface flow after 18 years of operation
Hudcova, T.; Vymazal, J.; Dunajsky, M.K.

VOL 68; NUMB 3 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.575-583
Identification of pathogen bacteria and protozoa in treated urban wastewaters discharged in the Ebro River (Spain): water reuse possibilities
Mosteo, R.; Ormad, M.P.; Goni, P.; Rodriguez-Chueca, J.; Garcia, A.; Clavel, A.
• pp.599-607
Performance of a biofilter system with agave fiber filter media for municipal wastewater treatment
Vigueras-Cortes, J.M.; Villanueva-Fierro, I.; Garzon-Zuniga, M.A.; de Jesus Navar-Chaidez, J.; Chair

VOL 67; NUMB 11 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.2511-2518
Designing domestic rainwater harvesting systems under different climatic regimes in Italy
Campisano, A.; Gnecco, I.; Modica, C.; Palla, A.
• pp.2651-2660
Towards adaptive and integrated management paradigms to meet the challenges of water governance
Halbe, J.; Pahl-Wostl, C.; Sendzimir, J.; Adamowski, J.

VOL 32; NUMB 4 (2013)
ISSN 0262-8104
• pp.263-264
Financing the WASH sector – getting the economics right
Brocklehurst, C.
• pp.265-272
Crossfire: `We need to fund first those who don’t have access rather than fund maintenance for those who already have access’
Luyendijk, R.; Fonseca, C.
• pp.273-285
Sanitation economics: understanding why sanitation markets fail and how they can improve
Tremolet, S.
• pp.286-294
Subsidies for WASH in development, mitigation, relief, and recovery: a critical but neglected aspect of practice
Luff, R.
• pp.295-307
Sharing the recurrent costs of rural water services in four municipalities supported by WaterAid in Mali
Jones, S.
• pp.308-314
Towards more responsible carbon finance for water
Yeo, D.
• pp.315-333
A framework for exploring gender equality outcomes from WASH programmes
Carrard, N.; Crawford, J.; Halcrow, G.; Rowland, C.; Willetts, J.
• pp.334-348
Inclusion of shared sanitation in urban sanitation coverage? Evidence from Ghana and Uganda
Mazeau, A.; Tumwebaze, I.K.; Luthi, C.; Sansom, K.
• pp.349-352
Design a Bog Day
McBride, A.
• pp.353-354
Every Last Drop: Rainwater Harvesting and Sustainable Technologies in Rural China By Zhu Qiang, Li Yuanhong and John Gould
Li, Z.; Mang, H.-P.

VOL 15; SUPP 2 (2013)
ISSN 1366-7017
• pp.1-14
Leadership in knowledge and capacity development in the water sector: a status review
de Montalvo, U.W.; Alaerts, G.
• pp.15-41
Exploring water leadership
Arriens, W.T.L.; de Montalvo, U.W.
• pp.42-60
Developing T-shaped water professionals: reflections on a framework for building capacity for innovation through collaboration, learning and leadership
McIntosh, B.S.; Taylor, A.
• pp.61-78
Meeting the water and sanitation MDGs: a study of human resource development requirements in Tanzania
Kimwaga, R.; Nobert, J.; Kongo, V.; Ngwisa, M.
• pp.79-100
Community management and sustainability of rural water facilities in Tanzania
Mandara, C.G.; Butijn, C.; Niehof, A.
• pp.101-120
Readiness and willingness of the public to participate in integrated water management: some insights from the Levant
Rault, P.A.K.; Vreugdenhil, H.; Jeffrey, P.; Slinger, J.H.
• pp.121-136
Capacity development for urban development: the evolution of the integrated urban management Masters course at the Ethiopian Civil Service University
van Dijk, M.P.; Pennink, C.; Ruisink, S.
• pp.137-164
Local solutions in Non-Revenue Water management through North-South Water Operator Partnerships: the case of Nakuru
Ndirangu, N.; Ng ang a, J.; Chege, A.; de Blois, R.-J.; Mels, A.
• pp.165-182
Water operator partnerships and institutional capacity development for urban water supply
Breeveld, R.; Hermans, L.; Veenstra, S.
• pp.183-205
Key success factors for capacity development in the Brantas River Basin organisations in Indonesia
Subijanto, T.W.; Harianto; Ruritan, R.V.; Hidayat, F.
• pp.206-225
Monitoring for learning and developing capacities in the WASH sector
da Silva Wells, C.; van Lieshout, R.; Uytewaal, E.
• pp.226-241
Monitoring outcomes and impacts of capacity development in the water sector: a Cap-Net UNDP experience
Gunawardana, I.; Leendertse, K.; Handoko, W.
• pp.242-266
What counts as `results’ in capacity development partnerships between water operators? A multi-path approach toward accountability, adaptation and learning
Sanz, M.P.; Veenstra, S.; de Montalvo, U.W.; van Tulder, R.; Alaerts, G.
• pp.267-281
From knowledge and capacity development to performance improvement in water supply: the importance of competence integration and use
Mvulirwenande, S.; Alaerts, G.; de Montalvo, U.W.
• pp.282-299
Knowledge leads, policy follows? Two speeds of collaboration in river basin management
Pfeiffer, E.; Leentvaar, J.

VOL 15; SUPP 1 (2013)
ISSN 1366-7017
• pp.26-50
Implications of climate change for water resources development in the Ganges basin
Jeuland, M.; Harshadeep, N.; Escurra, J.; Blackmore, D.; Sadoff, C.
• pp.75-88
Are embankments a good flood control strategy? A case study on the Kosi river
Somanathan, E.
• pp.89-108
Interdependence in water resource development in the Ganges: an economic analysis
Wu, X.; Jeuland, M.; Sadoff, C.; Whittington, D.
• pp.147-164
Ten fundamental questions for water resources development in the Ganges: myths and realities
Sadoff, C.; Harshadeep, N.R.; Blackmore, D.; Wu, X.; O Donnell, A.; Jeuland, M.; Lee, S.; Whittingto

VOL 68; NUMB 4 (2013)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.791-798
Comprehensive flood control involving citizens in a Japanese watershed
Yamashita, S.; Shimatani, Y.; Watanabe, R.; Moriyama, T.; Minagawa, T.; Kakudo, K.; Yamashita, T.
• pp.956-964
Sludge accumulation and conversion to methane in a septic tank treating domestic wastewater or black water
Elmitwalli, T.

VOL 49; NUMB 8 (2013)
ISSN 0043-1397
• pp.5059-5070
Hydraulic characterization of the middle reach of the Congo River
O Laughlin, F.; Trigg, M.A.; Schumann, G.J.-P.; Bates, P.D.
• WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL AND WATER RESOURCES CONGRESS : World environmental and water resources; World environmental and water resources congress (EWRI 2013); showcasing the future : Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, 19-23 May 2013; editors, Craig L. Patterson, Daniel J. Murray Jr VOL 3; (2013) pp.2213-2226
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Independencia, Peru
McKenzie, F.; Watkins, D.; Barkdoll, B.