Tricia’s snippets 2014-07-02

Rather a long list of email alerts this time – apologies for the delay.

Some interesting links:

The revolutionary Drinkable Book, created by Dr. Theresa Dankovich, is a project that will have great impact in the developing world.
Important highlights about the book:

Caribbean Regional Fund for Wastewater Management (CReW)

*NEW* website on disability and inclusion!

Following a major upgrade, Source ( announces the launch of our new website on disability and inclusion! The website has been redesigned with a fresh new look so the Source collection is more user-friendly and easier to navigate.

Water, Volume 6, Issue 5 (May 2014), Pages 1100-1481
Review: Desalination Technologies: Hellenic Experience by Konstantinos Zotalis, Emmanuel Dialynas, Nikolaos Mamassis and Andreas Angelakis Water 2014, 6(5), 1134-1150; doi:10.3390/w6051134
Article: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions in Kenyan Rural Schools: Are Schools Meeting the Needs of Menstruating Girls? by Kelly Alexander, Clifford Oduor, Elizabeth Nyothach, Kayla Laserson, Nyaguara Amek, Alie Eleveld, Linda Mason, Richard Rheingans, Caryl Beynon, Aisha Mohammed, Maurice Ombok, David Obor, Frank Odhiambo,

Robert Quick and Penelope Phillips-Howard Water 2014, 6(5), 1453-1466; doi:10.3390/w6051453

Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available online 12 May 2014
Sustainability check: five-year annual sustainability audits of the water supply and open defecation free status in the ‘One Million Initiative’, Mozambique                                    S. Godfrey, M. van der Velden, A. Muianga, A. Xavier, K. Downs, C. Morgan and J. Bartram

Fecal sludge management (FSM): analytical tools for assessing FSM in cities          Andy Peal, Barbara Evans, Isabel Blackett, Peter Hawkins and Chris Heymans.

Private and social enterprise roles in water, sanitation and hygiene for the poor: a systematic review
Anna Gero, Naomi Carrard, Janina Murta and Juliet Willetts

The latest issue of the Water Ethics Newsletter (June 2014) is available here ( and features:
Ethics of open defecation

A few ‘bits’ from Sanitation Updates:

WEDC – Managing hygiene promotion in WASH programmes
Posted: 01 Jul 2014 11:50 AM PDT

The toilet tripod: Understanding successful sanitation in rural India
Posted: 25 Jun 2014 10:04 AM PDT

iDE Cambodia hits 100,000 toilet sales in 2 years
Posted: 21 Jun 2014 02:53 AM PDT

Market solutions to Cambodia’s toilet troubles
Posted: 08 Jun 2014 04:13 AM PDT

Peace Corps Benin WASH Resources in French
Posted: 30 May 2014 12:35 PM PDT

A selection from email alerts:
VOL 14; NUMB 2 (2014)
ISSN 1606-9749
• pp.220-229
Impact of rainwater harvesting systems on nutrient and sediment concentrations in roof runoff
DeBusk, K.M.; Hunt, W.F.
• pp.299-303
Preliminary studies on removal of nitrate and hardness from ground water using polystyrene beads
Madhukar, M.; Manjunath, S.P.; Gopal, R.V.
• pp.304-311
Virus removal efficiency of ceramic water filters: effects of bentonite turbidity
Farrow, C.; McBean, E.; Salsali, H.
• pp.329-336
Leakage estimation in water networks based on two categories of right-time users: a case study of a developing country network
Amoatey, P.K.; Minke, R.; Steinmetz, H.

VOL 69; NUMB 10 (2014)
ISSN 0273-1223
• pp.2099-2105
Improving sediment removal in standard stormwater sumps
Ma, Y.; Zhu, D.Z.
• pp.2122-2131
Performance evaluation and a sizing method for hydrodynamic separators treating urban stormwater runoff
Lee, D.H.; Min, K.S.; Kang, J.-H.
• pp.2166-2173
Effect of age and rainfall pH on contaminant yields from metal roofs
Wicke, D.; Cochrane, T.A.; O Sullivan, A.D.; Cave, S.; Derksen, M.

VOL 485-486; (2014)
ISSN 0048-9697
• pp.329-339
Front gardens to car parks: Changes in garden permeability and effects on flood regulation
Warhurst, J. R.; Parks, K. E.; McCulloch, L.; Hudson, M. D.

VOL 488-489; (2014)
ISSN 0048-9697
• pp.477-483
Enhancing arsenic mitigation in Bangladesh: Findings from institutional, psychological, and technical investigations
Johnston, R.; Hug, S. J.; Inauen, J.; Khan, N. I.; Mosler, H. J.; Yang, H.
• pp.484-492
Comparison of two blanket surveys of arsenic in tubewells conducted 12years apart in a 25km^2 area of Bangladesh
van Geen, A.; Ahmed, E. B.; Pitcher, L.; Mey, J. L.; Ahsan, H.; Graziano, J. H.; Ahmed, K. M.
• pp.493-504
Arsenic mitigation in Bangladesh: An analysis of institutional stakeholders’ opinions
Khan, N. I.; Yang, H.
• pp.505-511
A methodology for the sustainability assessment of arsenic mitigation technology for drinking water
Etmannski, T. R.; Darton, R. C.
• pp.512-520
Business model innovation in the water sector in developing countries
Gebauer, H.; Saul, C. J.
• pp.521-531
Water-supply options in arsenic-affected regions in Cambodia: Targeting the bottom income quintiles
Chamberlain, J. F.; Sabatini, D. A.
• pp.532-538
Multi-criteria assessment of community-based fluoride-removal technologies for rural Ethiopia
Osterwalder, L.; Johnson, C. A.; Yang, H.; Johnston, R. B.
• pp.539-546
Electro-chemical arsenic remediation: Field trials in West Bengal
Amrose, S. E.; Bandaru, S. R.; Delaire, C.; van Genuchten, C. M.; Dutta, A.; DebSarkar, A.; Orr, C.;
• pp.547-553
Mitigating arsenic crisis in the developing world: Role of robust, reusable and selective hybrid anion exchanger (HAIX)
German, M.; Seingheng, H.; SenGupta, A. K.
• pp.554-561
Arsenate adsorption onto iron oxide amended rice husk char
Cope, C. O.; Webster, D. S.; Sabatini, D. A.
• pp.562-569
Human exposure to arsenic from drinking water in Vietnam
Agusa, T.; Trang, P. T.; Lan, V. M.; Anh, D. H.; Tanabe, S.; Viet, P. H.; Berg, M.
• pp.570-579
Elevated arsenic and manganese in groundwaters of Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
Sankar, M. S.; Vega, M. A.; Defoe, P. P.; Kibria, M. G.; Ford, S.; Telfeyan, K.; Neal, A.; Mohajerin
• pp.580-587
Practical considerations, column studies and natural organic material competition for fluoride removal with bone char and aluminum amended materials in the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley
Brunson, L. R.; Sabatini, D. A.
• pp.588-594
Design and development of sustainable remediation process for mitigation of fluoride contamination in ground water and field application for domestic use
Gwala, P.; Andey, S.; Nagarnaik, P.; Ghosh, S. P.; Pal, P.; Deshmukh, P.; Labhasetwar, P.
• pp.595-606
The effect of non-fluoride factors on risk of dental fluorosis: Evidence from rural populations of the Main Ethiopian Rift
Kravchenko, J.; Rango, T.; Akushevich, I.; Atlaw, B.; McCornick, P. G.; Merola, R. B.; Paul, C.; Wei

VOL 33; NUMB 2 (2014)
ISSN 0262-8104
• pp.97-98
Editorial: rainwater harvesting
Carter, R.
• pp.99-106
Expert Answers: Rainwater Harvesting
Martinson, B.; Meerman, R.; Opel, M.O.A.; Neal, I.
• pp.107-119
Using every last drop: rainwater harvesting and utilization in Gansu Province, China
Gould, J.; Qiang, Z.; Yuanhong, L.
• pp.120-138
Roads for water: the unused potential
Puertas, D.G.-L.; Woldearegay, K.; Mehta, L.; Van Beusekom, M.; Perez, M.A.; Van Steenbergen, F.
• pp.139-145
The limitations of roofwater harvesting in developing countries
Thomas, T.H.
• pp.146-153
How can rainwater harvesting contribute to living with droughts and climate change in semi-arid Brazil?
Gnadlinger, J.
• pp.154-159
Field report: Large-scale school rainwater harvesting systems: a pilot study in Nyanza Province, Kenya
Saboori, S.; Nyaoke, G.; Rheingans, R.
• pp.160-167
Field report: Roofwater harvesting on the coastal islands of Guinea-Bissau: rainwater tank construction adapted to the local context
Hartung, H.; Akkerman, P.
• pp.168-186
Integration of WASH interventions into HIV/AIDS programmes in sub-Saharan Africa
Quintanilla, W.E.; Graham, J.P.
• pp.187-188
The Hydro-politics of Dams: Engineering or Ecosystems? by Mark Everard
Cook, H.

VOL 47; (2014)
ISSN 0195-9255
• pp.14-28
The Strategic Environment Assessment bibliographic network: A quantitative literature review analysis
Caschili, S.; De Montis, A.; Ganciu, A.; Ledda, A.; Barra, M.
Academic literature has been continuously growing at such a pace that it can be difficult to follow the progression of scientific achievements; hence, the need to dispose of quantitative knowledge support systems to analyze the literature of a subject. In this article we utilize network analysis tools to build a literature review of scientific documents published in the multidisciplinary field of Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA). The proposed approach helps researchers to build unbiased and comprehensive literature reviews. We collect information on 7662 SEA publications and build the SEA Bibliographic Network (SEABN) employing the basic idea that two publications are interconnected if one cites the other. We apply network analysis at macroscopic (network architecture), mesoscopic (sub graph) and microscopic levels (node) in order to i) verify what network structure characterizes the SEA literature, ii) identify the authors, disciplines and journals that are contributing to the international discussion on SEA, and iii) scrutinize the most cited and important publications in the field. Results show that the SEA is a multidisciplinary subject; the SEABN belongs to the class of real small world networks with a dominance of publications in Environmental studies over a total of 12 scientific sectors. Christopher Wood, Olivia Bina, Matthew Cashmore, and Andrew Jordan are found to be the leading authors while Environmental Impact Assessment Review is by far the scientific journal with the highest number of publications in SEA studies.

VOL 140; NUMB 5 (2014)
ISSN 0733-9496
• pp.562-571
Nonparametric Benchmarking of Japanese Water Utilities: Institutional and Environmental Factors Affecting Efficiency
Marques, R.C.; Berg, S.; Yane, S.
• HABITAT INTERNATIONAL VOL 43; (2014) pp.206-213
Financing sanitation and cost recovery in the slums of Dar es Salaam and Kampala
Pieter van Dijk, M.; Etajak, S.; Mwalwega, B.; Ssempebwa, J.
Improving sanitation for the poor requires better governance, more finance and mechanisms to generate revenue from sanitary facilities. There are a number of innovative approaches to sanitation in developing countries. Private pit latrines still provide 85% of the sanitation solutions for households in the slums of Dar es Salaam and Kampala. A distinction is made between household and shared toilets. Small scale entrepreneurs, Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) build maintain and sometimes empty usually shared sanitary facilities in a situation where the government is not able to provide sanitary services. Household level and private sector solutions are common in sanitation and can be encouraged. The repayment mechanisms in slums in the capitals of Tanzania and Uganda, the current mechanisms of financing sanitary facilities and recovering the cost using different governance structures are analyzed. Solutions are suggested based on the current practices. Governments could recognize the importance of what we call household level or private solutions and support them, for example by promoting more appropriate governance structures, cost recovery systems and reorganizing the emptying system to bring down the cost of emptying and involving small scale producers. It is recommended to promote more appropriate financing and governance mechanisms in the sanitation sector.

Impact of rainfall on diarrheal disease risk associated with unimproved water and sanitation
Bhavnani, D.; Goldstick, J.E.; Cevallos, W.; Trueba, G.; Eisenberg, J.N.S.

• REVIEWS ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH : Special Issue: Environmental Exposure in Indigenous Communities 15th International Conference of the Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health VOL 29; NUMB 1 (2014) pp.59-64
Clean water and sanitation in developing areas lacking conventional power
Leblanc, M.; Arnold, N.B.; Arnold, R.G.
• REVIEWS ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH : Special Issue: Environmental Exposure in Indigenous Communities 15th International Conference of the Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health VOL 29; NUMB 1 (2014) pp.65-66
Striving for success in sanitation, hygiene, and water supply
Leblanc, M.

How to improve sanitation for the poor in Kampala’s informal settlements
Gunther, I.; Horst, A.

Emergence of decentralised water and sanitation systems in Melbourne, Australia
Fam, D.; Mitchell, C.; Abeysuriya, K.; Lopes, A.M.

• PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases Vol. 8; No. 6 (2014)
Exploring the Relationship between Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection: A Demonstration of Two Recursive Partitioning Tools
Gass, Katherine; Addiss, David G.; Freeman, Matthew C.

A value proposition: Resource recovery from faecal sludge-Can it be the driver for improved sanitation?
Diener, S.; Semiyaga, S.; Niwagaba, C. B.; Muspratt, A. M.; Gning, J. B.; Mbeguere, M.; Ennin, J. E.

Social marketing of water and sanitation products: a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature.
Evans, W D; Pattanayak, S K; Young, S; Buszin, J; Rai, S; et al. Social science & medicine (1982) 110  (June 2014): 18-25.
The elusive effect of water and sanitation on the global burden of disease.
Schmidt, Wolf-Peter; National Library of Medicine. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH 19.5: 522-527. (May 2014)

Access to and perceptions towards water, sanitation and hygiene: a case of HIV/AIDS affected and non-affected households in rural Uganda
Mugambe, Richard Kibirango; Larkan, Fiona; Ssempebwa, John C; Tumwesigye, Nazarius Mbona. Journal of Public Health 22.3  (Jun 2014): 287-296.

Exploring the Relationship between Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection: A Demonstration of Two Recursive Partitioning Tools.
Gass, Katherine; Addiss, David G; Freeman, Matthew C; National Library of Medicine. PLoS neglected tropical diseases 8.6  (June 2014): e2945.