Tricia’s snippets 2014-09-09

A couple of interesting links:

Open defecation: busting a few myths – Instead of building latrines, policy should focus on behavioural change to raise the demand for sanitation
Diane Coffey Aug 14th 2014

Water, Volume 6, Issue 8 (August 2014), Pages 2164-2538
Article: Piped-Water Supplies in Rural Areas of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: Water Quality and Household Perceptions by Gert-Jan Wilbers, Zita Sebesvari and Fabrice G. Renaud Water 2014, 6(8), 2175-2194; doi:10.3390/w6082175

This time I have included more ‘live’ links from email alerts which should operate for registered students and staff of Loughborough University provided that a subscription operates.

From email alerts:

VOL 167; ISSU 8 (2014) ISSN 1741-7589


VOL 50; NUMB 1 (2014) ISSN 0043-1397

DEVELOPMENT IN PRACTICE -OXFORD- : Special issue on climate change adaptation and development

VOL 24; ISSU 4 (2014) ISSN 0961-4524

VOL 63; NUMB 5 (2014)
ISSN 1606-9935

VOL 217; NUMB 7 (2014)
ISSN 1438-4639

  • pp.785-795 Survival of Salmonella spp. and fecal indicator bacteria in Vietnamese biogas digesters receiving pig slurry Huong, L. Q.; Forslund, A.; Madsen, H.; Dalsgaard, A.
    Small-scale biogas digesters are widely promoted worldwide as a sustainable technology to manage livestock manure. In Vietnam, pig slurry is commonly applied to biogas digesters for production of gas for electricity and cooking with the effluent being used to fertilize field crops, vegetables and fish ponds. Slurry may contain a variety of zoonotic pathogens, e.g. Salmonella spp., which are able to cause disease in humans either through direct contact with slurry or by fecal contamination of water and foods. The objective of this study was to evaluate the survival of Salmonella spp. and the fecal indicator bacteria, enterococci, E. coli, and spores of Clostridium perfringens in biogas digesters operated by small-scale Vietnamese pig farmers. The serovar and antimicrobial susceptibility of the Salmonella spp. isolated were also established. The study was conducted in 12 farms (6 farms with and 6 farms without toilet connected) located in Hanam province, Vietnam. Sampling of pig slurry and biogas effluent was done during two seasons. Results showed that the concentration of enterococci, E. coli, and Clostridium perfringens spores was overall reduced by only 1-2log10-units in the biogas digesters when comparing raw slurry and biogas effluent. Salmonella spp. was found in both raw slurry and biogas effluent. A total of 19 Salmonella serovars were identified, with the main serovars being Salmonella Typhimurium (55/138), Salmonella enterica serovar 4,[5],12:i:- (19/138), Salmonella Weltevreden (9/138) and Salmonella Rissen (9/138). The Salmonella serovars showed similar antimicrobial resistance patterns to those previously reported from Vietnam. When promoting biogas, farmers should be made aware that effluent should only be used as fertilizer for crops not consumed raw and that indiscriminate discharge of effluent are likely to contaminate water recipients, e.g. drinking water sources, with pathogens. Relevant authorities should promote safe animal manure management practices to farmers and regulations be updated to ensure food safety and public health.

VOL 33; NUMB 3 (2014)
ISSN 0262-8104

From Sanitation Updates:

Focus on WASH & Nutrition: WASHplus Weekly, Sept 5, 2014
Posted: 05 Sep 2014 07:41 AM PDT

Interactive Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies now online!
Posted: 02 Sep 2014 10:08 AM PDT

Unclogging the Blockages in Sanitation
Sanitation Business Catalogue
Posted: 01 Sep 2014

New results report from the WSSCC Global Sanitation Fund
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 02:52 AM PDT

99 seconds on the toilet: a Guardian video animation
Posted: 28 Aug 2014 10:29 AM PDT

Global Handwashing Day Planner’s Guide, 3rd Edition
Measuring the Safety of Excreta Disposal Behavior in India with the New Safe San Index: Reliability, Validity and Utility
Posted: 27 Aug 2014

Uganda – 1st National Conference on Menstrual Hygiene Management, 2014
Posted: 20 Aug 2014 10:20 AM PDT

An update from Sanivation in Kenya
Composting latrine vs. flush toilet: A crowd-funded study
Posted: 19 Aug 2014

Kenya – Ministry alarmed by ‘long calls’ along highways, to build toilets along Nairobi-Nakuru highway
Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:24 AM PDT

#CleanUpIndia: #Sanitation “All Stars” discuss plans to make India #opendefecation free
Posted: 16 Aug 2014 12:16 AM PDT

Free online course on urban sanitation starts 13 October
Posted: 15 Aug 2014 12:17 AM PDT

Rose George – What is life like when your period means you are shunned by society?
Posted: 13 Aug 2014 08:22 AM PDT